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تدریس خصوصی زبان انگلیسی - What is the difference between phrasal verb and idioms?

What is the difference between phrasal verb and idioms?

 idiom is an expression with several words. The meaning of idioms are hard/impossible to understand by lookingَََ  at the meanings of the words in the idiom eg 

His grandfather kicked the bucket last night. The idiom kick the bucket means to die. It's impossible to know this from the words. 

some more idioms - full of beans, the early bird gets the worm, break a leg 

A phrasal verb is two (maybe three) words that act as a single verb. Phrasal verbs are usually made up of a verb plus a preposition or adverb

Some phrasal verbs have a literal or exact meaning eg 

stand upsit down - the meanings of the phrasal verb are exactly as the words say. 

Some phrasal verbs have an idiomatic meaning, like idioms it is hard or impossible to guess the meaning from the individual words of this kind of phrasal verb. eg 

blow up - this doesn't mean to blow air towards the sky - blow up means to explode 

put off - has the meaning of postpone. 


some more examples of phrasal verbs: 


look out, look up, put out, pick up, put off, take up.


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